In recent years, with the growing effects of the climate, destructive earthquakes happened frequently and unexpectedly around the world. According to statistics, a total of 17 earthquakes over magnitude 7 have occurred all over the world in 2016, such as Burma earthquake of magnitude 7.2 on 13th April, Ecuador earthquake of magnitude 7.5 on 17th April, New Zealand earthquake of magnitude 8 on 14th November etc. And the economy and society in those affected areas have been greatly damaged. Therefore, reducing earthquake risk becomes an indispensable task for achieving sustainable development. The earthquake is difficult to prevent and avoid because it usually occurs suddenly in a few seconds. Moreover, with the rapid socio-economic development and urbanization, the increasing population, the building is more and more complicated with increasingly large volume, the potential risk of earthquake accumulates to dangerously high. It is extremely difficult to carry out emergency search and rescue in the absence of certain earthquake rescue equipment and skills. Accordingly, strengthening the cooperation and exchange as well as the skills sharing of earthquake emergency search and rescue is becoming more critical and important.
The project Sharing and Learning on Community Based Disaster Management in Asia (Phase II) aims to promote disaster reduction and relief capacity building at community levels. The Training Course on Earthquake Emergency Search and Rescue is mandated to improve the earthquake emergency search and rescue capabilities of disaster management officials and residents from project pilot communities. Thus, the earthquake emergency rescue can be carried out quickly, efficiently and orderly, which can minimize casualties, reduce economic losses and maintain the social stability. Meanwhile, the training course can provide a platform for project stakeholders to learn, observe, exchange and communicate, which will help to improve the skills such as self-rescue, coordination and command, medical aid, relocation and resettlement of community disaster managers and residents so that they can be fully prepared for potential earthquake disasters in the future.
April 16th -21st, 2017 (including the arrival and departure time)
Around 52 participants attended the training course, including 30 trainees from pilot communities of Bangladesh, China and Nepal.
The main activities in the training course include: opening ceremony, session reports, Q&A discussion, observing drills, field trip and closing ceremony. The training course focuses on the following six Sessions:
Session 1 Experience Sharing on Earthquake Emergency Response
Session 1-1 Training Course Orientation Training Course Orientation Speaker: Ms. KANG Xinyin, Project Officer of International Cooperation Department, National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs, China
Session 1-2 Catastrophe Emergency Response and Assessment in China: Case Study ofWenchuan Earthquake, Speaker: Mr. ZHOU Hongjian, Deputy Director of Disaster Assessment and Emergency Response Department, National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs, China
Session 1-3 Nepal’s Earthquake 2015 Response and Recovery, Speaker: Mr. Vijay Prasad KESARI, Environment Programme Analyst, UNDP Nepal
Session 1-4 Volunteer Mechanism in Disaster Management and Initiative in Urban Resilience in Bangladesh, Speaker: Mr. Md Abdul MANNAN, Deputy Secretary and Project Director, Urban Resilience Project, DDM,MoDMR and Ms. Farzana Khanom MOUSI, Teacher of Childhood Kindergarten, 14no ward, Mymensingh Municipality, Mymensingh
Session 2 Earthquake Emergency Response Technology
Session 2-1 Rescue in Catastrophic Disasters and Accidents of Fire Department of China, Speaker: Mr. YANG Guohong, Director of Operation & Training Division, Fire Department, Ministry of Public Security, China
Session 2-2 Experience Sharing on Emergency Coordination during Earthquake Response, Speaker: Ms. Elizabeth Jane STILEMAN, Professor of Bournemouth University, UK
Session 2-3 The International Rescue Operation of China International Search and Rescue Team (CISAR), Speaker: Mr. LI Yigang, Researcher of China National Earthquake Response Support Service
Session 2-4 Experience Sharing on Earthquake Response Technology in Bangladesh, Speaker: Mr. Sheikh Tawhidul ISLAM, Professor of Department of Geography and Environment of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.
Session 2-5 Earthquake Rapid Assessment Technology and its Application, Speaker: Ms. WANG Xi, Research Assistant of Department of Disaster Assessment and Emergency Response, National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs, China
Session 2-6 Application of Satellite Remote Sensing Technology in Earthquake Emergency Monitoring and Assessment , Speaker: Ms. HE Haixia,Associate Researcher of Satellite Remote Sensing Department, National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs, China
Session 3 Field Training of Earthquake Search and Rescue Skills
Session 4 Community Aid Team—Field Training on Escaping, Self-rescue and Mutual-rescue Skills in Earthquake
Session 5 Visiting the Venue of Public Security of Haidian District
Session 6 Sharing and Discussion on the Outputs of CBDM Asia II
Session 6-1 “Assessment of the Model of NGO Participation in International Humanitarian Aid—A Case Analysis of Response to 2015 Nepal Earthquake” Research Report, Speaker: ZHANG Huan, Deputy Director, Risk Governance Innovation and Research Center, Beijing Normal University
Session 6-2 Community Disaster Risk Identification, Assessment and Mapping Guidelines Report, Speaker: WU Jianjun. Professor, Research Institute of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Response Management, Beijing Normal University
Session 6-3 Community/Family Emergency Material Allocation Standard Guidelines Report, Speaker: WENG Xun, Deputy Professor, Beijing University of Posts and Communications
Session 6-4 Demo of Disaster Community-Based Information Sharing and Service Platform APP and Website, Speaker: ZHOU Nan, Technology Consultant of Beiming Software Company
Closing Summary, Speaker: GUAN Yan, Director of International Cooperation Department, National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs, China
Through lectures, Q&A discussions, demonstrations and field training, the training course is organized in six sessions, namely “Experience Sharing on Earthquake Emergency Response”, “Earthquake Emergency Response Technology”, “Field Training of Earthquake Search and Rescue Skills”, “Field Training of Escaping, Self-rescue and Mutual-rescue Skills in Earthquake”, “Field visit to Haidian Public Security and Protection Museum” and “Sharing and Discussion on the Outputs of CBDM Asia II”. The participants shared experience of earthquake emergency management, learned skillsof escaping, self-rescue and mutual-rescue in the earthquake, and visited the equipment storeroom of training base for a better knowledge and understanding of search and rescue skills and equipment. The 5-day training course has laid a solid foundation for enhancing the community’s capacity of earthquake response and further promoted the exchange and cooperation among Bangladesh, China, Nepal and UK.
VII. Some pictures